Information and services website for entrepreneurs

Type A and type B work permits for foreign nationals in Poland

Are you an entrepreneur or you have a company in Poland and you wish to employ a foreign national from outside the EU, the EEA or Switzerland? You must first obtain a type A or type B work permit for that person. Read below to find out about the differences between these permits and how to obtain them.

How to proceed

This procedure can be completed:

  • at an office
  • by post
  • electronically
Complete the procedure online

Fill in the application online and submit it through praca.gov.pl. You can sign it with a qualified signature or your trusted profile.
 

What you should know and who can use this service

Who can obtain the type A or type B work permit?

If you are an entrepreneur, you have a company in Poland and you wish to employ a foreign national, you need to apply for a type A or type B work permit for that person. This will possible if the foreign national meets two conditions:

  • the foreign national is a national of a country which is not a Member State of the European Union or the European Economic Area or a country other than Switzerland, and
  • the foreign national is not statutorily exempt from the obligation to have a work permit

The Member States of the European Union (EU) are: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Latvia, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.

The Member States of the European Economic Area (EEA), apart from the Member States of the UE, are: Norway, Iceland and Lichtenstein.


When a foreign national does not need to have a work permit?

A foreign national is not covered with the obligation to have a work permit if he or she:

  • has a refugee status granted in the Republic of Poland
  • has a subsidiary protection status granted in the Republic of Poland
  • has a permanent residence permit in the Republic of Poland
  • has the EU long-term residence permit in the Republic of Poland
  • is authorised to stay for humanitarian reasons
  • has a tolerated stay permit in the Republic of Poland
  • is subject to temporary protection in the Republic of Poland
  • has a valid certificate on being granted protection in the Republic of Poland
  • stays in the Republic of Poland based on a residence document issued by another EU Member State and the purpose of this stay is work in the role of an executive employee, specialist or a trainee employee as a result of job placement within an enterprise, for no longer than 90 days over the period of 180 days.

Who must apply for a type A or type B permit?

The person submitting the application for a type A or type B work permit is always the employer who wishes to employ a foreign national.

The work permit is always issued for an individual foreign national.

Who can obtain a type A work permit?

A type A permit is issued to a foreign national who works in Poland under a contract with an entity (employer) whose registered office, place of residence or branch, establishment or another form of organised business activity is located in Poland.

In order to obtain a type A work permit:

  • the amount of salary specified in the contract with the foreign national may not be lower than the salary of employees performing work of a comparable type or in a comparable position
  • the amount of monthly salary of the foreign national may not be lower than the statutory minimum wage
  • the employer needs to have a document from the starost (head of the poviat) competent for the main place of work of the foreign national, confirming the lack of possibility to meet the staffing needs of the employer based on the local register of unemployed persons and jobseekers (labour market test).

Please note! If a foreign national is to pursue a regulated profession, the work permit itself does not entitle the foreign national to perform the regulated profession - additional requirements specified for the regulated profession or activity must be met as well.

Who can obtain a type B permit?

A type B permit is issued to a foreign national who:

  • serves on the management board of a legal person entered into the register of entrepreneurs
  • serves on the management board of a legal person that is a capital company in the process of formation
  • manages the affairs of a limited partnership or a partnership limited by shares as a general partner or a proxy, if that person has carried out this function for over 6 months during a period of 12 consecutive months.

The company where the foreign national is to act as a member of the management board, general partner or proxy is required to:

  • in the fiscal year preceding the submission of the application, have earned income not lower than 12 times the average monthly remuneration published by the President of Statistics Poland (Główny Urząd Statystyczny) applicable on the date of submission of the application, and employ for indefinite period of time and on a full time basis at least two employees who are not covered with the obligation to hold a work permit, for at least one year preceding the submission of the application, or
  • demonstrate that it has resources or carries out activities allowing to meet the conditions specified above in the future, in particular through activities that contribute to investment growth, technology transfer, profitable innovations or job creation

For how long are type A and type B permits issued?

Type A and type B work permits are always issued for a definite period of time.

  • Type A work permits are issued for a period not longer than 3 years.
  • Type B permits may be issued for 3 years, unless the legal person employs over 25 persons, in which case permits may be issued for a period not longer than 5 years.

Both types of permits may be extended. You must submit an application for extension of a permit not earlier than 90 and not later than 30 days before the expiry of the validity period of the permit.

The head of the voivodeship (province) may, by means of a regulation, reduce the period for which type A or type B work permits are issued in the voivodeship concerned. Thus, the validity period of work permits may vary from voivodeship to voivodeship.

Find out how to extend type A or type B permit.

When you should complete this procedure

There is no specific time limit for submitting the application, however, please remember that the procedure for issuing a work permit may last 1 month (30 days), and in particularly complex cases, even 2 months.

Also, remember that the time limits are counted from the date of submitting a complete and formally correct application, and for this reason, you should submit the application suitably in advance.

The head of the voivodeship will first process applications for work permits for foreign nationals who are to work with employers conducting operations of strategic importance to the national economy (if the list of such activities has been specified).

Please note! Without a permit, a foreign national may not start work.

Where you can complete this procedure

You can complete this procedure at:

  • Voivodship Offices

You must submit your application to:

  • the head of the voivodeship (province) relevant for your registered office or place of residence
  • the head of the Mazowieckie Voivodeship, if the main place of work cannot be specified due to the nature of work performed by the foreign national
To find out where to complete service enter
If you are not an entrepreneur, provide place of residence.

What to do step by step

  1. Submit an application for a type A or type B work permit

The easiest way is to submit the application is through praca.gov.pl:

  • select the tab: "Wniosek o wydanie zezwolenia na pracę cudzoziemca na terytorium Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej ZC-WWZ" (ZC-WWZ application for a work permit for a foreign national in Poland)
  • complete the electronic application
  • attach electronic copies (scans) of required documents
  • sign the application using an electronic signature or your trusted profile

The Mazowieckie Voivodeship Office in Warsaw launched an electronic procedure as part of which e-work permits are issued.

Find out what attachments are required and how to submit them (only in the Polish language version).


You may also send the application by traditional post. In this case, it will be useful to pay an additional fee for a confirmation of receipt: this document will serve as a confirmation that the application has been submitted.

If you decide to submit the application in person at an office, please remember that each voivodeship office may set its own guidelines on how to submit applications. Therefore, you must check what rules are applicable at the office at which you submit the application before the visit: phone the office or go to its website.

Voivodeship offices most frequently use queuing systems for this purpose. They may take the following forms:

  • a ticket dispenser, which, between hours specified by the office, issues tickets marking the order in which customers will be served. The dispenser issues tickets to as many customers as the office is able to serve on the given day. As persons who do not manage to register in the queuing system will not be served on the given day, you should not visit the office towards the end of its working day. As a rule, you should take as many tickets as many applications you want to submit. Some offices restrict the number of applications that may be submitted by the same person on the same day,
  • an internet platform, the link to which can be found on the website of the voivodeship office. After creating a profile, you may book the date of your visit to the office that suits you best for submitting the application, from among available dates (date and time may be selected). On the fixed date, you should go to the office with the application and other necessary documents.

If you wish to be represented by an attorney-in-fact, then remember to enclose the power of attorney. If you appoint an attorney-in-fact in proceedings for a type A or type B work permit, you will not be required to pay stamp duty for the power of attorney.

Documents

You can submit a document as:
Kopia, Oryginał
You can submit a document as:
Kopia
You can submit a document as:
Oryginał, Uwierzytelniona kopia
You can submit a document as:
Oryginał, Uwierzytelniona kopia
You can submit a document as:
Oryginał, Uwierzytelniona kopia
You can submit a document as:
Kopia
You can submit a document as:
Oryginał, Uwierzytelniona kopia
You can submit a document as:
Oryginał, Uwierzytelniona kopia

Time limit

There is no specific time limit for submitting the application, however, please remember that the procedure for issuing a work permit may last 1 month (30 days), and in particularly complex cases, even 2 months.

Also, remember that the time limits are counted from the date of submitting a complete and formally correct application, and for this reason, you should submit the application suitably in advance.

The head of the voivodeship will first process applications for work permits for foreign nationals who are to work with employers conducting operations of strategic importance to the national economy (if the list of such activities has been specified).

Please note! Without a permit, a foreign national may not start work.

  1. The office will examine your documents

If your application contains formal deficiencies (e.g. you have made an error in the application or you have not attached the necessary documents), the office will request that you correct the errors or supplement the missing documents. You will have at least 7 days to do this. If you do not correct the errors within the specified deadline, your application will not be processed.

Please remember that the office may also request that you provide explanations or clarify information held by the office during the procedure. You may also be requested to provide other documents or to give evidence about the circumstances referred to in the application.

  1. The head of the voivodeship will issue a decision

A type A and type B work permit is issued in the form of an administrative decision, in three copies: one remains at the office and the other two are given to the employer. You must provide one copy to the foreign national.

In the case of an e-permit issued by the Mazowieckie Voivodeship Office, the employer receives only a document in electronic form, while one copy in written form is intended for the foreign national.

The head of the voivodeship will refuse to issue a work permit if:

  • you have provided incorrect data or false information in the application, used false documents, made a false statement or withheld information
  • you do not meet the necessary conditions for obtaining the permit as set out in the relevant act
  • you have been convicted by a final judgment of illegal employment of a foreign national or, within 2 years of being convicted of illegal employment of a foreign national, you have once again been convicted of the same act
  • you have been convicted of a crime against the rights of persons engaged in gainful employment
  • you have been convicted of document fraud in connection with a procedure for a work permit or you are an entity managed or controlled by such a person
  • you have been convicted of human trafficking or you are an entity managed or controlled by such a person
  • you have not fulfilled obligations related to proceedings for a work permit or to employment of a foreign national
  • the personal data of the foreign national are included in a Polish list of undesirable foreign nationals
  • the foreign national does not meet the requirements set out in the document from the poviat starost on the lack of possibility to meet the staffing needs of the employer locally
  • you apply for a permit for a foreign national who does not meet qualification requirements and other conditions - if the foreign national is to pursue a regulated profession
  • the foreign national has been penalised for acts for which a permit is refused in connection with proceedings for a work permit

Please note! The head of the voivodeship may also refuse to issue the work permit if the circumstances suggest that the application for a work permit has been submitted under false pretences and the foreign national will use the permit for a purpose other than work for the entity concerned, or the entity employing the foreign national does not meet the obligations related to business activity or assignment of work to other persons.

Documents

How much you will have to pay

  • PLN 50 – a fee for a permit if you employ a foreign national for up to 3 months
  • PLN 100 – a fee for a permit if you employ a foreign national for more than 3 months

The fee must be paid to the account of the voivodeship office to which you submit the application for a permit. The number of the account can be found on the office’s website.

How long you will have to wait

Your case will be settled within one month. This period may be extended to two months, subject to notification by the official.

How can you appeal

If the head of the voivodeship has refused to issue the work permit, you may appeal against that decision.

You must appeal to the Minister for Family, Labour and Social Policy, through the head of the voivodeship who has issued that decision. You must do this within 14 days from the date of receipt of the decision.

Good to know

Obligations of the person employing a foreign national

If the foreign national holds a type A work permit, the employer is required to:

  • include the conditions specified in the work permit in the contract concluded with the foreign national (salary not lower than the statutory minimum wage and not lower than the salary of employees in comparable positions)
  • conclude a written contract with the foreign national and, before its signing, provide the foreign national with a translation of the contract into a language he or she knows
  • provide the foreign national to whom the permit relates with one copy of the permit in written form
  • in the event of increasing the working time basis, if the foreign national has worked part time, or increasing the number of hours, if the foreign national works under a civil law contract, to increase the salary of the foreign national accordingly
  • inform the foreign national of any actions taken in relation to the procedure for obtaining or extending the work permit, and of the decisions on the issue, refusal to issue or on revoking the permit
  • to act with due diligence in relation to the procedures for obtaining, extending or revoking the work permit for a foreign national
  • provide the documents confirming that the above obligations have been met, prepared in Polish or translated into Polish, to the head of the voivodeship, local units of the Social Insurance Institution (ZUS), consuls, bodies of the Chief Labour Inspectorate (PIP), bodies of the National Tax Administration, the Border Guard or Police

If the foreign national holds a type B work permit, the employer is required to:

  • provide the foreign national to whom the permit relates with one copy of the permit in written form
  • inform the foreign national of any actions taken in relation to the procedure for obtaining or extending the work permit, and of the decisions on the issue, refusal to issue or on revoking the permit
  • act with due diligence in relation to the procedures for obtaining, extending or revoking the work permit for a foreign national
  • provide the documents confirming that the above obligations have been met, prepared in Polish or translated into Polish, to the head of the voivodeship, local units of the Social Insurance Institution (ZUS), consuls, bodies of the Chief Labour Inspectorate (PIP), bodies of the National Tax Administration, the Border Guard or Police

When a new permit is needed

A permit for work specifies employment conditions of an individual foreign national with a specific employer, according to the conditions described.

Therefore, the employer needs to apply for a new permit if another foreign national is to be employed in the same position and under the same conditions, as well as when the employer wants to change the employment conditions, that is the job position, the lowest possible wage, working time (apart from when the working time is increased along with a proportional salary raise) or the type of contract under which the foreign national works (apart from when a civil law contract is changed into an employment contract).

Information obligation

Please remember to notify in writing the head of the voivodeship who has issued the work permit, within 7 days, of the following circumstances:

  • the foreign national has started work that is different in nature or in a position other than that specified in the work permit
  • the registered office or place of residence, name or legal form of the entity employing the foreign national has changed or the establishment or a part of it has been taken over by another employer
  • the establishment or a part of it has been transferred to another employer
  • the person representing the employer has changed
  • the foreign national has not started working in the first 3 months of the validity period of the work permit
  • the foreign national has stopped working for longer than 3 months
  • the foreign national has finished working earlier than 3 months before the expiry of the validity period of the work permit

When the head of the voivodeship will revoke a work permit

The head of the voivodeship will revoke a work permit if:

  • the circumstances or evidence relating to the decision have changed
  • the basis for issuing the work permit is no longer valid
  • the employer has not fulfilled obligations towards the foreign national related to obtaining the work permit
  • the foreign national no longer meets the requirements for the pursuit of regulated professions or activity
  • the foreign national has not started working in the first 3 months of the validity period of the work permit or has stopped working for longer than 3 months (however, the head of the voivodeship will not revoke the permit in this case if they have been informed that the permit will be used in accordance with its intended purpose and why the foreigner has not started working or has stopped working)
  • they have been informed that the foreign national is included in a Polish list of undesirable foreign nationals
  • the entity assigning work to the foreign national does not conduct business, agricultural or statutory activities, and especially has suspended activities, has been removed from the relevant register or has gone into liquidation
  • the employer has been penalised for a minor offence or criminal offence for which a work permit is refused

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